2012 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded
to Sir John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka "for
the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become
Nobel Prize in Physics 2012
2012 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Serge
Haroche and David J. Wineland "for ground-breaking
experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation
of individual quantum systems".
Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2012
2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Robert
J. Lefkowitz and Brian K. Kobilka "for
studies of G-protein-coupled receptors".